1-Global warming-Carbon Di Oxide
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is associated with the life of forests and plants because they use CO2 for their growth. It poses certain effects to the life of plants when its emission arises and spoils proteins in the plants which make nutrition less healthy. When plants would not produce enough proteins, there would be a shortage of healthy nutrition at the global level, a threat to global food security. CO2 is also posing threats to the food security due to the global warming. Even International institutions consider floods, earthquakes, powerful storms and other factors to add global warming but a new research calls for adding many other things in global warming and food security as consequences. CO2 drops the level of key minerals and healthy nutrition in different food and crop which may affect mighty population and global growth rate.
Samuel Myers, a professor at Harvard University led an experimental research which concluded that CO2 target many crops like rice and wheat and crop faces a significant shortage of protein and crucial health minerals like zinc and iron.
In addition to it, he further argued that if the projected level of CO2 continues to exist and maintain its trajectory, about 18 countries’ would lose their national dietary protein by 5% till 2050 because of the nutrition value of rice, wheat and staple crop. He further added in his research that the people of Asia and Africa, where people are already suffering from protein deficiency will be the first victim of global warming and then food security following by it. It is to be noted that once it is started, it becomes difficult to provide millions of people with food full of nutrition and produce more healthy food. There is no escape from global warming because it is natural process caused by the produced gasses exist in the natural environment.
Around 76 per cent of the global population extract most of the proteins of daily use from plants. The research conclusion predicts the biggest challenge of nutrition for Sub Saharan Africa, where a large number of people are already suffering from protein deficiency, and South Asian countries, including India, where rice and wheat constitute a major part of food which would become less nutritious.
Dr Myers argues that the consequences may be less in large income states because their people can take self-care of their diet and health but the countries with less income will suffer a lot of problems. Their children could not get proper growth, their youngsters could not gain enough energy and their national health would be compromised. Furthermore, researchers say that if we consider only India in South Asia, 5-3 per cent of protein deficiency would add 53 million people to the list.
To meet the threats of global warming and nutrition deficiency, experts suggest to produce hybrid plants with the requisite production of proteins and for long seasons. All international food research institutes are taking responsibility to avoid the effects of global warming and shortage of protein from our daily usage food.